Associations anywhere between kids and you can teenage wedding and you can reproductive consequences when you look at the Brazil, Ecuador, the usa and you can Canada

Associations anywhere between kids and you can teenage wedding and you can reproductive consequences when you look at the Brazil, Ecuador, the usa and you can Canada

Background: Although marriage is associated with favourable reproductive outcomes among adult women, it is not known whether the marriage advantage applies to girls (< 18>

Methods: National singleton birth registrations were used to estimate the prevalence of girl child , N = 23,117,661), Ecuador (2014-2018, N = 1,519,168), the USA (2014-2018, N = 18,618,283) and Canada (2008-2018, N = 3,907,610). The joint associations between marital status and maternal age groups (< 18,>

Figures

Take to choice procedure in Brazil, Ecuador, Us, and Canada. * To meet up with Statistics Canada’s confidentiality requirements, all frequencies was indeed rounded to the nearby multiple of 5 using a controlled random rounding strategy. † Exclusions not mutually personal

Shipping regarding births centered on age group † and you will hitched status inside age groups ‡ in the Brazil, Bolivya kadД±n Ecuador, Usa and you can Canada. † Percents in the panel Good is actually line percents. ‡ Percents in panel B was row percents

Conflict of great interest declaration

Minimally (A) and country-specific fully (B) adjusted odds ratios of preterm birth by maternal age group and marital status in Brazil, Ecuador, USA, and Canada. † Adjusted for infant sex, previous birth, and year of birth. ‡ Brazil: Adjusted for infant sex, previous birth, year of birth, paternal age, maternal race, prenatal care initiated in 1 st trimester, state, and age-appropriate low education. Ecuador: Adjusted for infant sex, previous birth, year of birth, maternal ethnicity, foreign-born mother, adequacy of the number of prenatal care visits for gestational age (WHO), maternal literacy, and maternal region of residence and rurality. USA: Adjusted for infant sex, previous birth, year of birth, paternal age, maternal race/ethnicity, foreign-born mother, any maternal smoking during pregnancy, prenatal care adequacy (GINDEX), received WIC during pregnancy, and delivery primarily paid by Medicaid. Canada: Adjusted for infant sex, previous birth, year of birth, paternal age, foreign-born mother, foreign-born father, province/territory of birth, reside in rural or urban area, and area-level income quintiles. ***p < 0.0001,> Fig. 4

Minimally (A) and country-specific fully (B) adjusted odds ratios of small for gestational age by maternal age group and marital status in Brazil, Ecuador, USA, and Canada. † Adjusted for previous birth and year of birth. ‡ Brazil: Adjusted for previous birth, year of birth, paternal age, maternal race, prenatal care initiated in 1 st trimester, state, and age-appropriate low education. Ecuador: Adjusted for previous birth, year of birth, maternal ethnicity, foreign-born mother, adequacy of the number of prenatal care visits for gestational age (WHO), maternal literacy, and maternal region of residence and rurality. USA: Adjusted for previous birth, year of birth, paternal age, maternal race/ethnicity, foreign-born mother, any maternal smoking during pregnancy, prenatal care adequacy (GINDEX), received WIC during pregnancy, and delivery primarily paid by Medicaid. Canada: Adjusted for previous birth, year of birth, paternal age, foreign-born mother, foreign-born father, province/territory of birth, reside in rural or urban area, and area-level income quintiles. ***p < 0.0001,> Fig. 5

Minimally (A) and country-specific fully (B) adjusted odds ratios of repeat birth for married mothers versus unmarried mothers within maternal age group in Brazil, Ecuador, USA, and Canada. † Adjusted for year of birth. ‡ Brazil: Adjusted for year of birth, paternal age, maternal race, state, and age-appropriate low education. Ecuador: Adjusted for year of birth, maternal ethnicity, foreign-born mother, maternal literacy, and maternal region of residence and rurality. USA: Adjusted for year of birth, paternal age, maternal race/ethnicity, foreign-born mother, received WIC during pregnancy, and delivery primarily paid by Medicaid. Canada: Adjusted for year of birth, paternal age, foreign-born mother, foreign-born father, province/territory of birth, reside in rural or urban area, and area-level income quintiles. ***p < 0.0001,>

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